Viernes, 23 de Agosto de 2019
Última actualización: 22:16 CEST
12 figures reflect on the last 60 years

'There is a lack of anticipation' of a 'prosperous, fairer, better' Cuba

Ana Julia Faya. (Courtesy of the analyst)

Can we still talk about "revolution" in Cuba?

Since the 1960s both Fidel and Raúl Castro, and now the latter's designee, President Miguel Díaz-Canel, have gutted the concept of revolution of any real meaning by repeating it in their rhetoric to refer to the prevailing regime in Cuba. In fact, they have turned it into a simple instrument, which has proven to be of some utility as they strive to maintain the support of what remains of the Left in this world, and also the domestic consensus, although for young Cubans this concept means practically nothing, and for the two generations that supported the 1959 process, it is but a memory.

Besides being a matter of common sense, in The Eighteenth Brumaire of Luis Bonaparte I learned that revolutions are finite social processes. Cuba has proven to be no exception. All the drastic social, political and economic transformations that constituted the Cuban Revolution took place quickly during the first two years of revolutionary power.

When the UMAP was created in 1965, and in 1968, when there was an onslaught on all private property, the Revolution had already become a counterrevolution in power. Paraphrasing that same text by Karl Marx: In the "revolution" of today, the resurrection of the dead –Fidel Castro, Che– serves to glorify current initiatives and to exaggerate, through fantasy, the objectives that Cuba's rulers set, and not to modify their actual fulfillment, but rather to maintain the spirit of an alleged revolution that has been reduced to a vague chimera.

What should be salvaged from the revolutionary period?

In the construction of a new Cuba we should salvage something from those initial years; if not their political and ideological objectives, or the repression and exclusion perpetrated against those who opposed the process: collective hope, the widespread spirit in society of wanting to contribute to building a more prosperous, fairer and better Cuba. There is a lack of faith today in that, in Cuba's social psychology.

I also think that in a new project for a republic we cannot dispense with developing social policies, such as those that the revolutionary power institutionally formulated to prohibit discrimination against racial minorities and women. Unfortunately, due to the very nature of the regime, the absence of a free press and media, as well as the representation of these sectors in a dynamic civil society, these purposes have not been sufficiently realized, or have even suffered regression.

At the same time, an efficient model of governance must ensure universal access by the population to education, including artistic education, and universal access to basic health services.

How would you describe what Cuba is going through today?

Although without the surname Castro, Cuba is seeing the continuation in power of a totalitarian and repressive regime that violates human rights, seeking to perpetuate its power through the new constitutional project. As long as this regime exists, any change will be limited, and full political, economic and social development in the country will not be achieved.